1990-1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 3.2. Diesel engines
+ 3.3. Removal and a partition of engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Systems of start, ignition
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension brackets, a steering
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
14.1.1. Changed numbers
14.1.2. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
14.2. Durability of the car
14.3. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.4. Preparation of the car for winter
14.5. It is not got – a good advice
14.6. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?
14.7. Visit to car-care centre
+ 14.8. The engine
+ 14.9. The conditioner
+ 14.11. Three in one – or how to save the catalyst
+ 14.12. The accumulator
14.13. The generator
14.15. "Automatic machine"
+ 14.16. Brake system
+ 14.17. Wheels and tyres
14.2. Durability of the car
The durability of the car in many respects depends on a management style that is why today we will talk how we go and as it is not necessary to go, if, of course, there is a desire to save up both the car, and money.
Going on the car for work or to a business trip, try to count up, how many time you should use coupling, a transmission and brakes. After all while the car is perfectly in order, seldom to whom comes to mind to pay attention to how those or other controls are used. Certainly, to change, say, till time erased brake колодки it is simple. And here already it is necessary to tinker with replacement of brake drums or disks. And absolutely uneasy to cope with the worn out details of coupling or a transmission.
Anything, of course, in the car not eternally. But if you, let us assume, unfairly often use coupling, maneuvering in a dense city stream, and do not remove a foot from a pedal, even standing on a traffic light, the put 80 thousand kilometres of run a coupling disk to serve, certainly, will not be. Its preschedule replacement of position will not rescue: on turn premature failure of plates of "basket" of coupling and выжимного the bearing which from thoughtless operation of transmission simply "dries up" and breaks "basket"...
The same it is possible to tell about a transmission. Most "patient" of domestic – "a Zhigulevsk" transmission is capable "отъездить" both 150, and 200 thousand kilometres without repair. But dashing management of it, accompanied by the jerks of the lever from one position in another, long before term puts out of action bronze synchronizers. And it, though and not the most difficult, but repair. Therefore patient drivers, changing transfers, use a technique "into three accounts", that is as though about itself speak: "time, two, three" while translating the lever from one position in another.
Somehow one my acquaintance has complained about quality of details of a steering almost new "жигуленка". Also was to complain paternal: the car has not run also thirty thousand, and steering, say, the pendulum on deterioration has come nearer to critical line. It has appeared that my acquaintance – the big fan under suitable conditions and to twirl speed by a steering-wheel as it sometimes do on a cross-country terrain. These pirouettes on road look, can, and is effective. But, as they say, in this world it is necessary to pay off for all. Including for harmless, at first sight, "tricks".
However, to our "sportsmen" preferring quickly to take straight away, it is necessary to pay off not only a failing steering and ahead of schedule worn out rubber. At such style of driving huge loading falls on a drive detail – elastic муфту, bearings and крестовины карданного a shaft, a coupling disk, not to mention the engine. No doubt, the modern cars equipped with motors, can go any time, as sports. But they are not intended for "sports" loadings, if, of course, speech does not go about "the single" car.
What to do, if there is nevertheless a necessity to "tear" motor – to get out on the become limp road or to slip in sand or on ice? Skilled drivers know how to arrive in similar cases: they create the necessary conditions raising its passableness for the car. It is enough to lower a little tyres of driving wheels to one atmosphere considerably to improve coupling of wheels with a dirt road surface. On перднеприводном the car surpassing in passableness the car of classical configuration, difficult sites of dirt roads overcome, moving a backing.