1990-1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 3.2. Diesel engines
+ 3.3. Removal and a partition of engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Systems of start, ignition
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension brackets, a steering
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
14.1.1. Changed numbers
14.1.2. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
14.2. Durability of the car
14.3. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.4. Preparation of the car for winter
14.5. It is not got – a good advice
14.6. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?
14.7. Visit to car-care centre
+ 14.8. The engine
+ 14.9. The conditioner
+ 14.11. Three in one – or how to save the catalyst
- 14.12. The accumulator
14.12.2. How correctly to choose the accumulator
14.12.3. "voltage" loading
14.12.4. Protect the accumulator!
14.13. The generator
14.15. "Automatic machine"
+ 14.16. Brake system
+ 14.17. Wheels and tyres
The more coldly in the street – the more than problems at drivers. One of the main things – as on a frost to start the engine. Here again the accumulator first of all makes itself felt. On it in a frost the greatest loading falls: start of the engine demands much more the big efforts. That the starter has turned коленвал the cold engine, the storage battery needs to give much more energy. Thus do not forget that restoration of working capacity of the accumulator occurs not instantly, and after a while: the electrolit which have thickened on a cold slowly gets in plates. For this reason repeated attempt of start of the engine recommend to make only in some minutes. Besides on a frost the battery at starter work is discharged very quickly.
Some drivers, trying to start up "the frozen" engine, continuously twist a starter over and over again. As a result of this violence the accumulator very quickly "сдыхает" – definitively and irrevocably: battery plates, without maintaining excessive loadings, start to be jarred on and showered.
Probably, there is no need to say about necessity of regular care of the accumulator, that is necessary not less often than once a week to check electrolit level in banks and if necessary to add дистилированную water. If the accumulator unattended – cares is less. But all the same it is necessary to give attention – periodically it is necessary to check a tension приводного a belt, and at first signs of decrease in capacity the accumulator is necessary for recharging.
And now it will be a question of how faster and least without serious consequences for the accumulator to start up the engine on a frost.
At first – obvious. In due time replace oil with the winter. Better – on import, for we (including packed up) quite often has unpleasant feature to turn on a frost to kissel or at all to freeze. How such oil will grease engine details, with it it is necessary to the accumulator very hardly and its days will be are considered.
The second – candles. For the winter it is better to establish the new. But it is the theory, and in practice such factors, as "экономность" or absence of these in due time near at hand often come into force. For, while the engine is started up normally, many at all do not recollect that in the engine there are candles... If candles nevertheless old – establish in them a necessary backlash which constantly increases because of обгорания electrodes. It is better to make it in good time, differently it is necessary to be picked when it is necessary to go. As a last resort, if the engine is not started up, the backlash can be established less recommended, but in this case electrodes will burn even faster.
In strong frosts before including a starter, "warm up" the accumulator – include on pair minutes a headlight. Also do not try to get the engine at once. At first several short inclusions of a starter send on errands pistons in cylinders slightly to disperse the thickened oil. And already after that try to start it. If the engine was not started from the first attempt, do not switch off at once a starter. The most optimum mode of start-up of the engine – a series of 10-15 second attempts with three-minute breaks.